The committee studying sites for a new Amtrak station in Buffalo, New York, has recommended building the station downtown rather than renovating Buffalo Central Terminal.
The exact site will be chosen by the New York Department of Transportation, although it is expected to be along Exchange Street.
The new station is expected to cost at least $35 million, of which the state is contributing $25 million.
Currently, Buffalo is served by two stations, one at Exchange Street and the other in suburban Depew.
Exchange Street serves all trains passing through Buffalo except the Chicago-New York/Boston Lake Shore Limited.
Eleven of the 17 members of the station site committee favored a downtown location while four voted against downtown. One member abstained.
Erie County Executive Mark Poloncarz voted against the downtown recommendation because he opposed the “arbitrary timeline” given the committee to make a decision this month.
“Not all the issues were taken into account,” Poloncarz said. “The process was flawed but not rigged. And, no, this is not the death knell for the [Buffalo] Central Terminal.”
But Buffalo Mayor Byron W. Brown defended the timeline. “The governor clearly wants it to be a fast-track process, and I think the same kind of time constraints we had as a committee will be placed on the Department of Transportation,” said Brown, who voted for a downtown location.
A downtown location had been favored by WSP Parsons Brinckerhoff, an engineering consulting firm hired by the state.
Howard Zemsky, a Buffalo businessman and head of Empire State Development, the state’s development arm, voted for downtown.
“This is really a transportation decision first and foremost, and from that standpoint downtown is a clear winner,” he said.
Zemsky said it was not a case of either or in terms of development of the long-dormant Central Terminal.
The Amtrak representative on the committee favored a downtown location. CSX, which owns the tracks in the vicinity of Central Terminal, said it doesn’t want passenger trains at Central Terminal because that might interfere with a nearby freight yard.
Intercity bus companies also favored a downtown site because they fear that clearance issues could prevent them from serving Central Terminal.
Also working against Central Terminal was the estimated $68 million to $149 million cost of renovating the structure. A downtown location is estimated to cost between $33 million and $86 million.
The Buffalo congressman who had championed Central Terminal was disappointed at the committee’s decision.
“This is a generational opportunity lost, said Brian Higgins said. “Obviously, the Central Terminal was not going to win out in an apples-to-apples cost comparison. It’s the vision you have for the property and what you do with the opportunity.”
Higgins said the downtown location will preclude passengers being able to board there if they are bound for Cleveland or Chicago.
He noted that Amtrak opposes having the Lake Shore Limited backing up for more than a mile to serve downtown Buffalo.
Higgins vowed to work to funnel state and federal funding toward development of Central Terminal.
State Sen. Tim Kennedy supported the Central Terminal and believes that although it lost out in the vote to become an Amtrak station there remains hope that the iconic structure will have a new life.
“There has been more attention paid to the Central Terminal than probably in the last 50 years,” Kennedy said. “I think this is going to be at the end of the day a win-win because of the renewed focus on transforming the Central Terminal into a historic building we can all be proud of once again.”
In the meantime, Canadian developer Harry Stinson said he is close to closing on deal to acquire the 523,000-square-foot Central Terminal, which includes a 17-story tower, concourse building, baggage building and ample underground and street-level parking.
“We’re days away from the final version of the agreement,” Stinson said. “It will have to go through a process, but the agreement is essentially done. There is nothing we see as collectively insurmountable.”
Stinson wants to develop the tower into office space, use the concourse for entertainment, dining and special events and transform the baggage building into a hotel.
Eventually, he will develop new housing at the site, which is now considered a brownfield.